Carbon 14 dating papyrus fragments
Aramaic was the common language of the Jews of Palestine for the last two centuries B. The Scrolls appear to be the library of a Jewish sect. The Essenes were a strict Torah observant, Messianic, apocalyptic, baptist, wilderness, new covenant Jewish sect.
The library was hidden away in caves around the outbreak of the First Jewish Revolt (A. 66-70) as the Roman army advanced against the rebel Jews. They were led by a priest they called the "Teacher of Righteousness," who was opposed and possibly killed by the establishment priesthood in Jerusalem.
The Scrolls have revolutionized textual criticism of the Old Testament.
The advertisement read "The Four Dead Sea Scrolls: Biblical manuscripts dating back to at least 200 BC are for sale.They are written with a carbon-based ink, from right to left, using no punctuation except for an occasional paragraph indentation.In fact, in some cases, there are not even spaces between the words.The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea between the years 19.